Tiếng Anh chuyên ngành Điện - Điện tử



Unit 1: Conductors, insulators and semiconductors 1

Unit 2: Circuit elements 8

Unit 3: DC motor 17

Unit 4: Electrical ignition 28

Unit 5: Moving coil 31

Unit 6: Process control systems 38

Unit 7: Semiconductor 45

Unit 8: Cathode ray tube 52

Unit 9: Alarm system 59

Unit 10: Music centre 66

Chú giải sơ đồ mạch 74

Tóm tắt phần ngữ pháp 82

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police making inquires about the thief? 
9. Must we finish the test before ten? 
10. Will buses bring children home? 
11. When will you do the work? 
12. How many days did she spend finishing the work? 
13. What books are people reading this year? 
14. How did the police find the lost man? 
15. How long have they waited for the doctor? 
16. What time can the boys hand in their paper? 
17. Why didn’t they help him? 
18. Who is giving her flowers? 
19. Who looked after the children for you? 
Relative clauses 
(mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ) 
I. Identification (x¸c ®Þnh): 
™ Relative clause cßn ®−îc gäi lµ Adjective clause (mÖnh ®Ò tÝnh ng÷) v× 
nã lµ mÖnh ®Ò phô ®−îc dïng ®Ó bæ nghÜa cho danh tõ ®øng tr−íc nã 
(tiÒn ng÷). 
™ Relative clause ®−îc nèi víi mÖnh ®Ò chÝnh bëi c¸c ®¹i tõ quan hÖ 
Who, Which, Whose, That or c¸c tr¹ng tõ quan hÖ When, Where, Why. 
™ VÞ trÝ: Relative clause ®øng sau c¸c danh tõ mµ nã bæ nghÜa. 
II. Classification (sù ph©n lo¹i) 
 Cã hai lo¹i mÖnh ®Ò th−êng dïng: 
1. Defining relative clauses (mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ x¸c ®Þnh): 
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English for electrical and electronic engineering 
- MÖnh ®Ò nµy m« t¶ cho danh tõ ®øng tr−íc nã ®Ó ph©n biÖt nã víi 
c¸c danh tõ cïng lo¹i kh¸c. Mét mÖnh ®Ò lo¹i nµy cÇn thiÕt ®Ó hiÓu râ 
danh tõ (chñ ng÷). 
The man who told me this refused to give me his name 
 “who told me this” lµ mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ. NÕu chóng ta bá c©u nµy th× 
nghÜa cña c©u kh«ng râ rµng, chóng ta kh«ng biÕt ®ang nãi vÒ ai. Chó ý lµ: 
kh«ng dïng dÊu phÈy gi÷a mét danh tõ vµ mét mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ. 
- MÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ x¸c ®Þnh theo sau th−êng lµ the+ Noun, chóng 
còng cã thÓ ®−îc sö dông víi c«ng thøc a/an+ N kh«ng cÇn cã THE 
vµ c¸c ®¹i tõ bÊt ®Þnh 
All, none, anybody, somebody, those. 
 C¸c tõ trªn thØnh tho¶ng x¸c ®Þnh danh tõ vµ c¸c ®¹i tõ theo c¸ch gi¸n 
tiÕp. C¸c danh tõ/®¹i tõ trong tr−êng hîp ®ã th−êng lµ t©n ng÷ cña ®éng tõ or 
giíi tõ: 
 I met someone who said he knew you. 
 The guidebook is about devices which are necessary for our 
 ThØnh tho¶ng c¸c mÖnh ®Ò nµy ®−îc t¸ch ra tõ danh tõ/ ®¹i tõ b»ng mét 
tõ or côm tõ. 
 I saw something in the paper which interest you. 
 Nh−ng b×nh th−êng Relative clause cã thÓ ®−îc thay thÕ trùc tiÕp sau 
®¹i tõ/danh tõ cña chóng. 
 The noise that he makes woke everybody up. 
 She was annoyed by something that I had said. 
2. Non-defining relative clause 
- MÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ kh«ng x¸c ®Þnh ®ù¬c thay thÕ sau c¸c danh tõ mµ 
®· x¸c ®Þnh cô thÓ råi. Do ®ã, chóng kh«ng x¸c ®Þnh danh tõ nh−ng Ýt 
khi thªm mét th«ng tin vµo danh tõ, v× mÖnh ®Ò chÝnh ®· ®−îc hiÓu ®ñ 
nghÜa råi. 
- Kh«ng gièng nh− mÖnh ®Ò x¸c ®Þnh, chóng kh«ng cÇn thiÕt trong 
c©u vµ cã thÓ bÞ lo¹i bá vÉn kh«ng kh«ng g©y ra sù x¸o trén ( hiÓu 
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- MÖnh ®Ò kh«ng x¸c ®Þnh ®−îc ng¨n mÖnh ®Ò chÝnh b»ng c¸c phÈy. 
C¸c ®¹i tõ cã thÓ kh«ng bao giê bÞ lo¹i bá trong mÖnh ®Ò kh«ng x¸c 
- CÊu tróc cña mÖnh ®Ò kh«ng x¸c ®Þnh dïng phæ biÕn trong v¨n viÕt 
h¬n lµ v¨n viÕt. 
- Tr−íc c¸c danh tõ th−êng cã: this, that, those, these, my, his, 
their.hoÆc tªn riªng. 
That man, whom you saw yesterday, is Mr. Smith. 
This is Mrs. Jones, who helped me last week. 
Anna, whose sister I know, has won an Oscar. 
III. Usages (c¸ch dïng) 
(së h÷u) 
b of 
time ( 
s of 
place ( 
s of 
(lý do) 
Who Whom Whose When Where Why For 
person That That 
Which which Of which When Where Why For 
That that 
1. Who: 
# Who lµ ®¹i tõ quan hÖ chØ ng−êi (relative clause). 
# Who ®øng sau chñ ng÷ chØ ng−êi vµ lµm chñ ng÷ cho ®éng tõ 
®øng sau nã. (Subject) 
The man who robbed you has been arrested. 
The is the girl who has won the medal. 
Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested stopping at 
the next town. 
I’ invited Ann, who lives0 in the next flat. 
2. Whom: 
# Whom lµ ®¹i tõ quan hÖ chØ ng−êi. 
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English for electrical and electronic engineering 
# Whom ®øng sau chñ ng÷ chØ ng−êi vµ lµm t©n ng÷ cho ®éng tõ ®øng 
sau nã. (Object) 
The woman whom you saw yesterday is my aunt. 
The boy whom you are looking for is Tom. 
She introduced me to her husband, whom I hadn’t met before. 
Peter, with whom I play tennis on Sundays, was fitter than me. 
 The girls whom he employs are always complaining about their 
3. Which: 
# Which lµ ®¹i tõ quan hÖ chØ vËt. 
# Which ®øng sau t©n ng÷ chØ vËt vµ lµm chñ ng÷ (S) hoÆc t©n ng÷ (O) 
cho ®éng tõ ®øng sau nã. 
The subject which you are studying is difficult. 
This is the book which I like best. 
His house, for which he paid £10,000, is now worth 
 This machine, which I have looked for 20 years, is still working 
 The dress whgich I bought yesterday is very beautiful. 
4. That 
# That lµ ®¹i tõ quan hÖ dïng chung cho c¶ ng−êi lÉn vËt. 
# That cã thÓ dïng thay thÕ cho WHO, WHOM, WHICH trong mÖnh 
®Ò quan hÖ Defining relative clause (M§QH x¸c ®Þnh) 
That is the bicycle that belongs to Tom. 
My dad is the person that I admire most. 
I can see a girl and her dog that are running in the park. 
5. Whose 
# Whose lµ ®¹i tõ quan hÖ chØ ng−êi. 
# Whose ®øng sau chñ ng÷ vµ thay thÕ cho tÝnh tõ së h÷u tr−íc danh 
tõ, whose còng ®−îc dïng cho vËt (= of which) 
# Whose lu«n ®i kÌm víi mét danh tõ. 
The boy whose bicycle you borrowd yesterday is Tom. 
John found a cat whose leg was broken. 
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The film is about a spy whose wife betrays him. 
This is George, whose class you are teaching English, 
Mr. John, whose children are grown up, was retired last year. 
6. When 
# When lµ tr¹ng tõ quan hÖ chØ thêi gian. 
# When ®øng sau chñ ng÷ chØ thêi gian. 
May day is the day when people hold a meeting. 
That was the time when he managed the company. 
I’ll never forgot the year when I was a freshman. 
7. Where 
# Where lµ tr¹ng tõ quan hÖ chØ n¬i chèn. 
# Where ®øng sau c¸c chñ ng÷ chØ n¬i chèn. 
# Where ®−îc dïng ®Ó thay thÕ cho AT/ON/IN+ WHICH; THERE. 
That’s a place where I was born. 
Hanoi is the place where there are elegant people. 
Do you know the city where has the longest bridge in the world? 
8. Why: 
# Why lµ mét tr¹ng tõ quan hÖ chØ thêi gian. 
# Why ®øng sau tiÒn ng÷ “THE REASON” 
# Why ®−îc dïng ®Ó thay thÕ cho “FOR THE REASON” 
Please tell me the reason why you are so late. 
He told me the reason why he had been absent form class 
the day before. 
“That’s why you go away” is a song by MLTR. 
1. The last record, the record was produced by this company, became a 
gold record. 
2. Checking account, the checking account requires a minimum balance, 
are very common now. 
3. The professor, you spoke to the professor yesterday, is not here today. 
4. John, John’s grade are the highest in the school, has received a 
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5. Philips bought a camera. The camera has three lenses. 
6. Frank is a man. We are going to nominate Frank to the office of 
7. The doctor is with a patient. The patient’s leg was broken in an accident. 
8. Jane is a woman. Jane is going to China next year. 
9. Janet wants a typewriter. The typewriter self-corrects. 
10. This book, I found the book last week, contains some useful 
11. Mr. Bryant, Mr. Bryant’s team has lost the game, looks very sad. 
12. James wrote an article. The article indicated that he disliked the 
13. The director of program, the director graduated from Harvard 
University, is planning to retire next year. 
14. This is a book. I have been looking for this book all year. 
15. William, William’s brother us a lawyer, wants to become a judge. 
16. She is the most intelligent woman. I’ve ever met this woman. 
17. This doctor is famous. You invited him yesterday. 
18. Do you know the music? It is playing on the radio. 
19. The police want to know the hotel. Mr. Foster stayed there two weeks 
20. The examination lasted two days. I was successful in this examination. 
21. These children are orphans. She is talking care of these children. 
22. The two young men are not good persons. You are acquainted with 
23. I have not decided the day. I’ll go to London on that day. 
24. He doesn’t want to sell the house. He was born in this house. 
25. The airport is the most modern one. We are going to arrive at this 
26. We enjoy the city. We spent our vacation in this city. 
27. One of the elephants had only one tusk. We saw these elephants at the 
28. I look at the noon. It was very bright that evening. 
29. My dad goes swimming everyday. You met him this morning. 
30. The man is my father. I respect this man most. 
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English for electrical and electronic engineering 
31. Please post these letters. I wrote them this morning. 
32. The building is the church. Its town can be seen from afar. 
33. Mary and Margaret are twins. You meet them yesterday. 
34. I’ll introduce you to the man. His support is necessary for your project. 
35. They are repairing the tubes. Water is brought into our house through 
the tubes. 
36. In the middle of the village there is a well. The villagers take water from 
this well to drink. 
37. This is a rare opportunity. You should take advantage of it to get a better 
38. The boy is my cousin. You made fun of him. 
39. A man answered the phone. He said Tom was out. 
40. She could not come to the party, that party was held marvelously by 
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